The housefly has a worldwide distribution, being the most common diptera in many regions of the Earth. It is a large fly about 8 millimeters in size, with a gray thorax and four darker longitudinal lines. The abdomen is yellowish. The large compound eyes are red, and are more separated in females than in males. The housefly can transmit numerous infectious diseases to man, as it perches on the droppings and then can deposit bacteria and other agents on the skin pathogens In addition, the larvae can accidentally parasitize any warm-blooded animal, producing a miasis.

Types of common house fly in new jersey

These are the infamous pests that invade your home and keep you busy with the fly swat. Despite their name, they feel right at home in barns and any place that’s a potential food source. These nasty insects crave rotting food and animal feces as a nursery for their young.

• Bodies

This fly, as well as his two disgusting cousins, are insects with a head, thorax, and abdomen. They have six legs and only one set of veiny, transparent wings. Houseflies are generally about ¼-inch long and have a drab gray color. On close inspection, you’ll notice they are covered with tiny black hairs.

Their prominent eyes are rust-colored, and they are on each side of their head. While some fly species like the horse fly can bite, houseflies can’t. They have a straw-like mouth that can only suck up liquified food.

• Behaviors

These insects are called flies for a good reason. Houseflies are aerodynamic wonders, and they can travel up to five miles in a single flight. They take to the air backward, which makes them a challenge to swat.

When they aren’t buzzing around, they like to hang around on ceilings and walls. Their suckered feet allow them to walk up walls and hang upside down with ease. They search for decaying matter and feces for nourishment and look for a mate.

• Life Cycle

After mating, females lay their eggs in open feces or any putrid organic matter. They usually lay a clutch between 75-150 eggs in this warm, damp environment. In her short lifespan, a female housefly can produce up to 2,000 eggs.

Incubation only lasts 24 hours, and the baby flies hatch, as grimy larvae called maggots. They are less than an inch long, about the length of a staple. This grotesque maggot nursery will wiggle and writhe and feast on the filth for up to 14 days.

Now, it’s time for them to crawl to a safe, warm place to morph into their pupae stage. The barrel-shaped pupae are just slightly smaller than the larva, and they have a rusty color. In 3-4 weeks, they will emerge as flying adults and will live for approximately four more weeks.

• Health Hazards

When you consider where flies hatch, live, and what they eat, it’s understandable that they can be a health risk. After stomping through feces and other disgusting matter, they carry it on their feet and hairy bodies. Anything they touch is contaminated, from household surfaces to your food. When they land on your food, they vomit on it and suck in the minute liquified bite.

Houseflies harbor a plethora of bacteria, viruses, and germs that can cause deadly diseases. These include typhus, dysentery, and cholera, among others. They get into your house through opened doors, windows, or holes in the screens.

• Plan of Action

Before your New Jersey home becomes infested like the legendary Amityville house, stop houseflies at their source. Keep all trash in tightly covered containers and clean up any animal feces. Seal all cracks and screen holes and avoid keeping unscreened windows and doors open. Keep your food covered, and don’t let it set out to tempt flies, especially outdoors.


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