The fruit fly is a holometábolo insect (it refers to the process in which an insect passes through its development through a complete metamorphosis of four states: egg, larva, pupa and adult) originating in Africa. The activity of Anastrepha increases in spring reaching maximum activity in summer, and pupae can remain inactive during winter if the weather conditions are not favorable, It produces direct damage due to the effect of the female bite on the fruit, to perform oviposition, which is a pathway for fungi and bacteria that break down the pulp; and to the galleries generated by the larvae during their feeding. All this produces an early maturation and fall of the fruit, and the consequent loss of harvest.
Types of common fruit fly in new jersey
It makes sense that these fruit and veggie lovers would be content in the Garden State. If you have a garden or have products in the house that are a bit over-ripe, you may notice these gnat-sized pests swarming around the place. Fruit flies adore the sweet nectar of fruit, veggies, and other plants that are decaying.
Some of their favorite perishable foods include melons, tomatoes, bananas, potatoes, and onions. They are intoxicated by the scent of rotting fruit and the promise of a sweet sip or two. If you make any fermented food items, you are a viable target for a fruit fly invasion.
These bitsy gnats are about 1/8-inch long and have a light tan head and thorax, as well as bright red eyes. Their abdomens are usually black, and they have six legs and one set of wings. Their mouths can only suck up liquified or soft particles, and they can’t bite or sting.
These tiny pests can be a big problem. These insects spend their day sipping the nectar from overripen fruits and vegetables.
They enjoy a moist environment, so you may often see them flying around during the kitchen sink drain, especially if you have a garbage disposal. Fruit flies are usually observed in a group as they live in swarms.
• Life Cycle
One of the reasons that fruit flies can quickly turn into an infestation is their rapid maturation rate. Female fruit flies lay about 500 eggs at a time in rotting fruit and vegetation. They may also breed on wet and dirty mopheads. The eggs will hatch within 24 hours. Fruit fly larvae complete their maturation from pupae to adult in about a week. The new adults feed and lay more eggs, so their numbers increase exponentially.
• Health Hazards
Fruit flies don’t usually pose a risk to fresh produce that is properly washed. Even for slightly overripe fruit, maggot damage is only on the surface. Just because they don’t wallow in feces and dead carcasses don’t mean they can’t harbor hazardous microbes.
• Plan Of Action
If you want to keep fruit flies at bay, then you need to be proactive by removing any attractions in your home. Since these small flies love fruit, you need to keep any fruits or vegetables covered or in your refrigerator. If you notice that something is overripened, discard it immediately and take the trash to the outside of your home.
Other Common Flies in New Jersey
While these are the most common flies you will encounter in New Jersey; you will also have the occasional encounter with these flies:
- Deer Fly
- Horse Fly
- Black Fly
- Stable Fly
- Snipe Fly
- Sand Fly
- Biting Midges
- Greenhead Fly
The horse fly can bite, and it hurts as much as a bee sting. Additionally, the mosquito is considered a fly, though few know about it. They pose the most significant health risk in the area as they carry deadly diseases with them.
Getting Professional Help
While most people find that their fly issues are within their capability to handle, there are times when the situation can become out of hand. Professional help may be needed to get the fly issues in your home under control.
Since flies don’t really infest the homes, they don’t cause costly damages like termites and other pests, which affect the structural integrity of your dwelling. However, they can drive you crazy as well as cause you expenses with lost food.
Still, flies can bring many germs into your home, so it’s essential to get this problem under control. No one likes to be lying in bed and a pesky fly buzzing around their head. If your fly problem seems to be getting worse rather than better, then a New Jersey pest control professional can help.